Holidays / Rosh Hashanah / Symbols

Fish: A Jewish Symbol Rich in Meaning

fish Jewish good luck symbol
I first became aware of the fish as a Jewish symbol when I visited the Tunisian island of Djerba and saw fish painted on the walls of Jewish homes. They were stick figures, hand painted in Mediterranean blue and swimming against bright whitewashed walls. Since then, fish seem to be everywhere, and they’ve become one of my favorite Jewish symbols.

Fish are among the most widely used symbols in Jewish folk art. The water that covers them is said to protect them from the evil eye. And their eyes, like the eyes of God, never close, so they symbolize God’s protective gaze.

In Kabbalistic versions of the zodiac, Pisces the fish is associated with Adar, the month we celebrate Purim, which is considered the happiest and luckiest month of the Hebrew calendar.

Torah binder wimple sampler detail Adar pisces

Fish also symbolize fertility. They lay many eggs at one time, and in the Torah’s creation narrative God blesses them with fertility:

God created the great sea monsters, and all the living creatures of every kind that creep, which the waters brought forth in swarms, and all the winged birds of every kind. And God saw that this was good. God blessed them, saying, “Be fertile and increase, fill the waters of the seas, and let the birds increase on earth.” (Genesis 1:21-22)

On Rosh Hashana, many Sephardic Jewish families display a whole cooked fish on the holiday table to mark the head of the new year.
Hamsa with fish pattern from Sew Jewish bookYou’ll find fish incorporated into the hamsa pattern in Sew Jewish.

Just for fun, and in keeping with the theme of fish, I thought I’d share a video I made of my brother Steve’s koi pond. I’m often struck by the fact that these decorative koi are the same humble carp that past generations of Jewish moms and grandmoms kept in the bathtub waiting to be turned into gefilte fish. The solid orange fish’s name is Adar:

Jewish sewing patternsMaria Bywater is the author of Sew Jewish available from Amazon and in PDF format in the Sew Jewish Shop.

Resources: The Encyclopedia of Jewish Symbols, by Ellen Frankel and Betsy Platkin Teutsch | The Jewish Bible: Tanakh: The Holy Scriptures, The New JPS Translation.

[Image: Clockwise starting from upper left: Detail from hamsa in the Sew Jewish book | Detail from Lag b’Omer picnic blanket | Detail from illustration of letter yud | Detail from Torah binder sample]


4 thoughts on “Fish: A Jewish Symbol Rich in Meaning

    • Hi Myrna, If you’re looking for digital Hebrew letter designs for embroidery sewing machines, I recommend you take a look at a site like Embroidery Arts ( In fact, if you go to Embroidery Arts you’ll find instructions for an embroidered challah cover that I collaborated on with them about –wow– 15 years ago (so long ago that the intro mentions my first website with Jewish crafts, which doesn’t exist anymore!)

      But you will find several Hebrew letter sets there.

      And the embroidered challah cover instructions are at:

      Good luck!

      – Maria


  1. Hi Maria. I just found your site and I’m loving it since I’m the sewing type with Hebrew leanings. Where can I find the fabric you feature in your projects? Getting lots of ideas for new projects and gifts. Thank you for your site.


    • Hi Martha, I’m so glad you’ve found the projects inspiring. I’m lucky to have a local quilt fabric shop, and I’m happy to send them a shoutout here: Hudson Valley Quilt & Sew in Cornwall, New York ( That’s where I bought the fabrics for the fish you see in the upper left hand corner of the top image.

      But I’ve also bought a lot of fabrics online, especially fabrics that aren’t quilting fabrics. There are a number of great fabric stores online if you do a search. So if you don’t have a local store, you should be able to find great options online.


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